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Not to be confused with Ivanland.

    Ivanovian Federal Republic, Ivanovie (Russian: Ивановская Федеративная Республика, Ивановье, IPA: /ivaˈnovje̞/, ee-van-oh-vee-ay) is a sovereign state located in Polerus, Polenesia. The country covers over 503,572 square kilometres (194,430 sq mi), and it has a population of 42.5 million. The capital and largest city are Ivanovsk. IFR extends across two time zones (UTC+2/PTM, UTC+3). The member state of the Polenensian Union.

History

50-100 thousand BC–840 AD: Early history

The territory of Ivanovie began to be populated 50-100 thousand years ago. Most of the Paleolithic localities are located in the southeast of the country. By the III and partially II millennium BC. e. the heyday of the Neolithic period: the emergence of primitive forms of cattle breeding and agriculture with the advent of the culture of ceramics. Around 1400 BC on the territory of the IFR, the Udolian, Dobrian, and Gorian cultures were formed. In the Bronze Age, which lasted in the area of Ivanovie from about 1900 to 800 BC. e., had the development of agriculture, which replaced the pastoral life of the late Neolithic. In the 7th century BC, the Iron Age began on the territory of Ivanovie, during which a significant number of weapons were discovered. With the collapse of the primitive communal system, social and property stratification of society took place. In the southeast, the ancestors of Tingezes settled, who repeatedly made trips to the Udolians. From this, fortifications began to appear, fenced off by walls.

840–970: Slavic tribes

According to the testimony of some historical documents of the 9th century, Dolins, Svyatochs, and Chernyans living on the territory of the Vaga basin are mentioned. Drevichs and Lyadins lived in the east. Closer to Debria sat the Solomyans and Grezyans. The Dolins were more developed due to the city of Sinegorsk, located on the trade routes to Parthesia and Rezesia. The Drevichs subsequently had the Zhat dynasty, while the rest had folk veche. Most of the tribal settlements lived independently of the others and fought with each other from time to time.

970–1081: Dolinian state

The first reliable ruler of the Dolinian state was Prince Vysheslav (c. 970-994) from the Zhat dynasty. During his reign, the neighboring lands were annexed to Sinegorsk, as well as the adoption of Christianity according to the Eastern rite. Subsequent princes continued to conquer the territories of different communities. Mirorad (1059-1096) became the last ruler of the Dolinin state. During his reign, he annexed all the last communities, ousted the Tingezes from the south-east, proclaimed the Duchy of Dolinia, and founded the capital below the Vaga River.

1081–1187: Duchy of Dolinia

Mirorad during his reign, in 1081, proclaimed the Duchy of Dolinia. And as mentioned earlier, the prince founded the city, which later became the capital. Mirorad's son, Svyatopolk (1096-1126) managed to make several military campaigns to the south and found several settlements there during his reign. Later, Mechislaw (1126-1154), using the opportunity in 1139, tried to take the western territories of Parthesia, which unleashed a war between states. As a result of the war, the Valley lost its eastern territories and the state had to pay tribute. This was not pleased with the brother of Mechislav, Peresvet, who tried to oust the prince by murder, but was himself executed. Already the son of Mechislav, Svyatoslav, the Dolinsky law was introduced, which was a collection of civil and criminal law. In the Duchy of Dolinia, the ruling class was represented by landowners headed by princes, and the bulk of the population were peasants who worked for them.

Radimir (1154-1187) became the last ruler of the united Duchy of Dolinia. Under him, a special treasury administration and office were introduced. The prince finally ousted the Tinges from the territories of the coast of modern Ivanovo and made an attempt to continue dependence on Parthesia, which was crowned with success and the western territories returned to the Valley. In his will, Radimir established the territories that his sons would rule and that would depend on the central duchy in the current capital.

1187–1453: Dolinian duchies

When the Duchy of Dolinia was divided, 11 duchies were formed, which further fought for dominance in the region. The strongest duchies were Yarovsk, Sinegorsk, and Svyatochevsk. Also during this period, there were raids from Parthesia and Spertolesia. And so it went on for three centuries. Since 1453, the process of annexing lands began under the leadership of Prince Ivan. During his reign, most of the Dolinian duchies were annexed and peace was made with neighboring states by signing an agreement where part of the northeastern lands was given to Parthesia.

1453–1576: Tsardom of Ivanovie

Ivan I

With the advent of Prince Ivan I, after the unification of the Dolinian duchies, the Ivanovian Tsardom was proclaimed, the prince crowned himself the tsardom, thus strengthening his power. Already in 1487, a new systematized code of laws was introduced, a single currency was introduced, and an advisory body was created under the king, the Tsar Resha, consisting of representatives of the feudal aristocracy. By the end of the 15th century, raids began from Vartolesia, and the tsar died in one of the battles.

Legacy era

After the death of the monarch, his son Daniel took the throne. Presumably, they begin to call Ivanovie because of the cult of personality that developed because of him. Under the reign of Daniel, printing and scientific activity began to develop in the country. Also began the expansion of Ivanovie to the Renaevsky Islands and the establishment of trade relations with small peoples and neighboring states.

1576–1759: Ivanovian–Maksistanovian Commonwealth

Under the reign of Tsar Daniel, relations with neighboring Stanovsk were also well developed, which shared almost a common culture with Ivanovie. And already on June 4, 1511, the Ivano-Stanovian Union was concluded. Thus, the two states were united into a dual monarchy. Both sides retained their administration, army, court, and treasury. Ivanovie and Stanovie pursued a common foreign policy.

In the 1520s, serfdom began to develop, the peasants were limited in their ability to leave the villages, and corvée was established. By the middle of the 16th century, serfdom had become ubiquitous. Active settlement of the Renay archipelago begins. By the 1580s, the union had an interest in the northwestern territories and skirmishes began at the Spertolesian border. As a result, part of the northern gentry passed to the commonwealth. In this era, education and art begin to develop: the first schools began to open and the first books were printed.

Dissolution

In 1757, Ivanovian Tsar Oleg died and an unstable period began, Resha held power, but due to the economic crisis and a popular uprising due to the enhanced serfdom regime.

1759–1923: Tsardom of Ivanovie

Ideologic wars

1923–1964: Ivanovian Republic

Post-tsardom period

After the end of the monarchy in the newly formed republic, the state Resha was at the head of the government. At the same time, because of the tough social policy, the bourgeoisie begins to suffer; for this reason, popular unrest begins. Against this background, the government nominates Pavel Michurin for the post of head of the Ivanovian Republic.

Dictatorship rule

Initially, Pavel Michurin positioned himself as a person with progressive, liberal views and initiated the industrialization of the country and the implementation of various reforms. But despite this, he established an authoritarian regime: the opposition was severely limited, dissenting people were subjected to repression, massively rigged elections. The National Party of Growth was founded as the ruling party and fully supported Michurin's policies. In addition, by 1951, of the allowed opposition political parties in the country, only the left-wing Ivanovian Social-Progressive Party and controlled by NPG the People's Union were allowed.

Ivanovian Revolution

1964–Present: Modern Ivanovie

On April 12, 1964, the Ivanovian Republic was transformed into the Ivanovian Federal Republic.

Democratisation

Geography

The total area of Ivanovie is 515,062 km². Most of the territory of the state is occupied by the Ivanovie lowland. In the north and east — the East Polenesian Plain, along the western border — Debra (the highest point is 872 m, Mount Grada). Large rivers — Vaga, Oblo. Under the forest 30% of the territory.

Relief

As mentioned earlier, Ivanovie is located in Polerus, Polenesia. The territory of the Ivanovian Federative Republic is 503,6 thousand square kilometers. The western part lies in surrounded mainly by low mountains, where the highest point of the country. The southern part, also quite hilly.

Climate

The country's climate is humid continental with warm summers and cold, cloudy and humid winters, determined by a mixture of maritime and continental influences. Summer throughout Ivanovie is long, warm, or hot, the average temperature in July is +20-27°C.

Flora and fauna

The nature of IFR's is quite diverse. Natural zoning is quite well expressed. Flora in Ivanovie has more than 27 thousand species of plants, and the fauna has about 50 thousand species of animals.

Natural disasters

Mainly in Ivanovie happens disasters weather and technogenic character. Earthquakes are rare. They usually happen in the west of the country and Renay archipelago.

Politics

Ivanovie is a federal state uniting sixteen independent regions. The current constitution was adopted in 1965.

The head of state in Ivanovie is a president elected by direct universal suffrage for a 4-year term. Most executive power rests with the head of government, the prime minister, who is usually the leader of the party or coalition that wins the majority in parliamentary elections and is appointed by the president. The executive body is the Government of the Ivanovian Federal Republic. The remainder of the cabinet is appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister.

The highest legislative body in Ivanovie is the 495-seat bicameral The National Assembly. Delegates are elected for a 4-year term based on proportional representation.

Ivanovie's highest judicial body is the Constitutional Court of Ivanovie (Конституционый суд), which rules on constitutional issues.

Administrative divisions

Ivanovie divided by divisions 8 krays (края), 3 federal cities (города федерального значения). Krays divided communes (коммуны), and federal cities like usual municipalities (общины) divided districts (район).

Coat of arms Flag Region Capital Area (km2) Population GDP per capita in USD Code
N/A (federal city) N/A 198 977,746 51,423 N/A
N/A kray N/A 46,209 4,693,591 58,637 N/A
Andreyevsk kray
(Андреевский край)
Andreyevsk
(Андреевск)
30,139 2,144,392 60,581 AN
Боравия герб.svg
Боравия.svg
Boravian kray
(Боравийский край)
Molograd
(Молоград)
36,163 2,683,694 37,573 BO
Chernsk kray
(Чернский край)
Chernsk
(Чернск)
25,116 1,639,358 34,274 CH
Dolinia kray N/A 42,784 3,248,583 28,563 N/A
Дубравский край герб.svg
Дубравский край.svg
Dubrava kray
(Дубравский край)
Dubrava
(Дубрава)
55,256 2,485,094 43,962 DB
Ивановск герб.svg
Ивановск.svg
Yarovsk
(Яровск)
N/A 638 5,496,350 65,489 YR
Ивановский край.svg
Yarovsk kray
(Яровский край)
Yarovsk
(Яровск)
53,784 6,274,583 69,271 YK
Lubovo kray
(Любовский край)
Lubovo
(Любово)
20,847 1,396,495 30,235 LU
Норумский край герб.svg
Норумский край.svg
Norumian kray
(Норумский край)
Norumsk
(Норумск)
41,186 3,137,574 62,578 NR
Предолье герб.svg
Предолье.svg
Predolian kray
(Предолинский край)
Slavyansk
(Славянск)
45,356 5,378,642 36,482 PR
Sinegorsk
(Синегорск)
N/A 412 2,251,569 47,375 СН
Sinegorsk kray
(Синегорский край)
Sinegorsk
(Синегорск)
50,232 5,684,378 58,283 SI
Travna kray
(Травнинский край)
Travna
(Травна)
22,093 1,558,389 31,742 TR
West Ivanovian kray
(Западно-ивановский край)
N/A 44,649 3,195,434 35,365 WI

Military

Law enforcement and civic defense

The civil defense in Ivanovie is managed by Ivanovie Emergency Committee (IEC) and its regional divisions. IEC is a subdivision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Also, Ivanovie and some countries in Polenesia (Parthesia, Spertolesia, etc.) has a centralized emergency warning system owned by IEC.

Economy

The economy of Ivanovie is a developed, high-income free-market economy. The key economic sector is servicing. The largest industries are electronics, machinery, vehicles, metalworking products, forest industry, and chemicals. Ivanovie has timber and several mineral and freshwater resources. With respect to foreign trade, Ivanovie is highly integrated in the global economy, and international trade represents a quarter of the GDP. Trade with the Polenesian Union represents 60 percent of the country's total trade. The largest trade flows are with Parthesia, Spertolesia, Maksistanovie, Virtland, Rezesia, Ramolesia, and Uranesia. The trade policy is managed by the Polenesian Union, where Ivanovie has traditionally been among the free trade supporters. Currency of Ivanovie - Ivanovian Vants (Ƀ), Ivanovian Kvants (100 IK = 1 Ƀ) (1 Ƀ = 0,2 USD, 15 Ƀ = 1 USD)

Infrastructure

Ivanovie has high-developed state roads. In the public transport is dominated. Polevskoy Airport is the main and largest international airport, it serves civil and governmental, scheduled and unscheduled domestic and international flights. Railways of Ivanovian Federative Republic provides railway transport services on national and international lines.

Industry

Although Ivanovie's GDP comes mainly from the tertiary (services) sector, the industrial sector also plays an important role within its economy. The main industry sectors are car manufacturing and electrical engineering. Large companies and employers with headquarters in Yarovsk include IAC, Svyaz Telekom, Indigo Media, Vant Bank, Livebank, Lantana, Microsoft Ivanovie.

Tourism

Demographics

Languages

The official language is Russian. Polish is widely spoken in the western regions, and Ukrainian is used in some parts of the Northeast. Minority languages hold co-official status in the municipalities in which the size of the minority population meets the legal threshold of 10% in two consecutive censuses. The deaf community uses the Russian Sign Language.

Religion in Ivanovie (2018)

  Non-practicing Eastern Orthodoxy (40.9%)
  Practicing Eastern Orthodoxy (25.2%)
  Atheist/Non-believer (18.1%)
  Other denominations and religions (7.6%)
  Roman Catholics (4.7%)
  Did not answer (3.5%)

Religion

The Ivanovian constitution guarantees freedom of religion. In 2018, 66.3% of Ivanovians identified themselves as Orthodox, 4.7% as Roman Catholics, 7.6% as others, 18.1% identified themselves as atheists or non-religious.

Education

Education in IFR is compulsory and starts at the age of six from the mandatory kindergarten (Russian: детский сад). At the age of seven, children start the first grade of primary school (Russian: начальная школа) lasting for eight years and finish with an exam.

Culture

The Ivanovian culture is a Slavic culture with east- and west- Slavonic influence.

Music

The most popular Ivanovian artists usually perform pop, rock, rave, rap music.

Cinema

The first movie in the IFR was filming in 1897.

Cuisine

The Ivanovian cuisine is enough varied. It shares many similarities with the cuisines of its neighboring countries, and widely uses fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, flour, cereals, bread, and berries.

Media

Main article: Television in Ivanovie

The country has a developed media industry and a relatively high level of freedom of speech, and there is no tax on television and radio, broadcasters are funded by advertising and government grants. The public broadcaster Ivanovian Broadcasting has five general television channels and eleven thematic. There are also private television networks in Ivanovie: Independent Television of Ivanovie, Public Television Network, Izhytsa, Indigo, Channel 8. There are three main national radio stations in IFR: Ivanovian Radio, National Radio of Ivanovie, Nova FM.

There are daily newspapers in the state: Ivanovskaya Zhizn, Utrenniy Vestnik, Aktsent, Derzhava, Delovaya Gazeta.

Most pay-TV channels (for example Sony Channel, TNT, History, Discovery) are broadcasted from Parthesian feeds, but with localized ads.

Websites

  • wcentre.iv
  • zhurnal.iv
  • spros.iv

Technology

  • In Ivanovie are mobile operators: Svyaz' Telekom, Blue, Vodafone, Orange, T-Mobile and others.
  • Ivanovian Plugs and Sockets are C and F.

Sport

The IFR hasn't a national sport, but in the country are popular sports: football and hockey.

Public holidays

  • January 1 — New Year's Day
  • January 6 — Christmas Eve
  • January 7 — Orthodox Christmas
  • February 14 — Valentine's Day
  • March 8 — International Women's Day
  • April 1 — Polenesian Anniversary Day
  • April 12 — Day of Ivanovie
  • March 30 - April 14 — Easter
  • May 8 — Day of Memory
  • July 19 — Constitution Day
  • December 24 — Christmas Eve
  • December 25 — Catholic Christmas
  • December 31 — New Year's Eve

External link

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